Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound which is found to materialize naturally in cannabis, from where we get marijuana and hemp plants. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is present in these plants and is a psychoactive element that gives users a feeling of getting ‘high’. One of the biggest myths around cannabidiol is that since it’s a product of the ‘pot’ plant, users will become addicted and use it as a pleasure drug. According to a study done by the World Health Organization, Cannabidiol is not addictive like marijuana and does not display the traits of a psychoactive compound.
Is Buying CBD Safe?
The whole idea of CBD is relatively new, and there is a plethora of on-going research on the subject, creating limitations about using CBD as a guaranteed safe product. Since this investigation is still at a primordial stage, we cannot be sure of anything. Companies use this lack of research to sell CBD, which has a higher concentration level of THC.
There have been some promising clinical trials of CBD helping in the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), however, anything with a THC level of more than 0.3 percent is considered to be cannabis by the FDA. This proves to be a barrier in working with the drug for any considerable research and further clinical trials. The FDA only approves of Epidiolex, which is said to help with osteoarthritis, back pain and seizures in children.
In December 2017, many patients were rushed to the Salt Lake City’s emergency room showing signs of seizures, agitation, confusion, and sometimes unconsciousness. Dr. Crouch, who was the head of Utah’s Poison Control Center, investigated the matter herself and found that a regular bottle of Yolo CBD, which the affected had been using, contained 4-CCB (4-cyano Cumyl-Butinaca), which is a chemical compound that is lethal to humans and contained no traces of CBD whatsoever. The count went up to 52 patients being affected. This also happened in Virginia, Pennsylvania and many other states. So, you might be questioning yourself about the qualities of Intrinsic Hemp. For now, it is best to say that it falls in a grey area. Different countries have very different laws on the use of CBD and marijuana, and lenient rules provide better ground for scientific discovery in the field.
Excluding Nebraska, South Dakota and Idaho, all other states allow the use of CBD and other products of the ‘pot’ plant. They have opened licensed dispensaries where one can avail the service with a medical prescription from a physician. Some states also allow the use of marijuana both for medicinal and recreational purposes, while some only allow CBD. The cannabis and hemp market, worth US$ 327 million in 2017, is expected to reach US$ 22 billion in 2022, and shoot to US$ 74 billion by 2027. The Farm Bill that passed in December 2018, under the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, gave the FDA the sole authority to preside over matters on CBD, hemp and marijuana, and other cannabis-derived products. The FDA also approved the use of three separate products apart from Epidiolex, which are Marinol, Syndros and Cesamet, containing THC derived from synthetic processes. There are many CBD products that can easily be found in pharmacies and small retail shops, and most of them are not approved by the FDA. Keeping this in mind, the institution has issued several warning letters to such companies who do not abide by the rules put forward by the government of the USA. Yet, some states have passed laws to nullify the restrictions put forward by the FDA and have taken matters into their own hands. The FDA has asked such states to engage in a conversation and understand the importance of such prohibitions as they are recommended by renowned research institutes like the National Institute for Health (NIH), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDR), and National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Most of the myths on which this industry runs are based on tests conducted on animals. Using CBD for the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, other mental disorders, and to suppress pain is still under trial and will need more time to reach any concrete result. Research on CBD began in the mid-19th century, and we still have a long way to go. More work has been done on the side effects of CBD instead, showing symptoms of headaches, drowsiness, stomach issues, and has also proven to be an appetite killer. Until we have hard facts and scientific proof of CBD being a safe product to use, the matter will remain in constant debate.